northwest fuchsia society
RESISTANT or IMMUNE to DAMAGE from
fuchsia gall mite (Aculops fuchsiae-Keifer)
Growing fuchsias highly resistant to fuchsia mite (DAMAGE)…completely negates the need for spraying.
Carlton Koehler, Entomologist,
University of California at Berkeley, 1985
The following information has been gathered from the American Fuchsia Society, Dr. Peter Baye (San Francisco Botanical Garden/Strybing Arboretum), Mary Cooke (Redwood City), Regine Plows (1998- Ft. Bragg), Marjorie Wickham (1985- Mill Valley) and other AFS sources in California. Both Peter Baye and Mary Cooke currently maintain a mite garden to test resistance. Previously, Regine Plows and Margaret Wickham had used microscopes to detect mites and compare their numbers to the severity of the damage. They found mites on some plants that showed no symptoms of mites. (In other words, with the mites there and no symptoms, the resistance is really to the damage, not the mites themselves. Think of it as a "carrier" of some disease that does not seem to affect the host.) From 1982-4, University of California entomologists formally tested plants’ resistance and response to various controls.
This is not a complete list, and there are conflicting reports. Some fuchsias seem to be resistant in one garden but not in another. Mites are transported passively and need insects, birds, wind or gardeners to move them around. Because of this, even in the midst of a mite infected area, they may have never been exposed to mites. The following list will be updated and corrected as more information is gathered.
Along with information from PNW gardeners who have had fuchsia mite infestations, THE REALLY GOOD NEWS IS THAT it has been found that the mites are killed when frozen (in the low 20's or teens for 6-8 hours) for 3-4 nights on hardy fuchsias outdoors all year.
R= resistant. Fuchsia gall mites will attack this plant, but damage is lessened to various degrees and at various stages in their growth pattern. The ornamental value of the plant is retained.
I= immune. Mites may be present but no galls are produced; little or no damage seen.
R- F… ayavacensis, cinera, crassistipula, decussata, dependens, gehrigeri, loxensis, nigricans, petiolaris, tincta,
I- F… boliviana & F. boliviana ‘Alba’, canescens, denticulata, hirtella, mathewsii,
rivularis subsp rivularis , simplicicaulis, sylvatica, vulcanica.
NOT resistant- F. triphylla cultivars; F. harlingii; andrei, hartwegii, santae-rosea, scabruiscula & sessilifolia- conflicting information- from ‘immune’, ‘resistant’ to ‘not resistant’).
Section Quelusia from Brazil
R- F… alpestris, coccinea, regia subsp. reitzii, regia subsp. serrae & regia ‘Radicans’
I- F…brevilobis, campos-portoi, glazioviana, hatschbachii, regia subsp. regia.
(F. magellanica from Chile & many of its hybrids are NOT resistant. Although not in this section, but also from Chile, F. lycioides is NOT resistant.)
. R- F arborescens
I- F. paniculata
I- F. excorticata
I- Encliandras (& cultivars).
R- F. jimenzii
R- F. procumbens
R- F. fulgens
I- F. splendens
R- F. membranacea, F. tilletiana
Chance Encounter, Cinabarina, Coral Baby, Goodness Gracious, Hinnerike,, Isis, Lottie Hobby, Mason’s Tiny Tots, Mendocino Mini, Miniature Jewels, Minutiflora, Ocean Mist, Panylla Prince, Peaches & Cream, Reflexa, Think Pink, Tomarama, Variegated Lottie Hobby… too many to list.
OTHERS: Background included, if known. Checking the species above, one can see where resistance originated.
I- if known as immune
Andenken an Heinrich Henkel (F. boliviana x F. triphylla ?)
Angel’s Earrings & Dainty Angel’s Earrings-
from Suntory, Japan, believed to be crosses of a regia and F. glazioviana.
Aurora Borealis (F. splendens x F. fulgens)
Baby Chang (F. splendens x)
Baby Two Step
Balkönkoningen) (aka Balkon)- I
Bergnimf (F. sessilifolia x F. fulgens)
Chang (F. splendens x)
Constance (Sport of Bright’s Pink Pearl)
Exoniensis (F. splendens Cordifolia x Globosa)
Fabian Franck (Gottingen x F. pilaloensis)
Fanfare (F. denticulata x)- I
First Success (F. paniculata x F. splendens)- I
F. x colensoi (F. perscandens x F. excorticata)
Golden West (Fanfare x)
Lady Boothby (F. alpestris x Royal Purple)
Lechlade Chinaman (F. splendens x F. procumbens)
Lechlade Gorgon (F. paniculata x F. arborescens)- I
Leverkusen [Andenken an Heinrich Henkel (F. triphylla x F. boliviana x?)
Little Ronnie (Sport of Lorna Doone)
Machu Picchu [Speciosa (F. splendens x F. fulgens) x unknown]
Mantilla (F. boliviana x San Francisco?) or F. triphylla x F.pringsheimii?)
Maori Pipes (F. excorticata x F. triphylla)
Martin’s Yellow Surprise (F. piloensis x F. fulgens)
Meip Aalthuizen (F. arborescens x F. venusta)
Mood Indigo [(F .lycioides x F. magellanica) x Florentina]
Mrs. Victor Reiter (Amy Lye x Mrs. Rundle)
Netalla (Sport of Chang)
Nonpareil (aka Gypsy Queen)
Praesident Walter Mario- I
Purple Rain [(F. lycioides x F. magellanica) x (F. excorticata x Ting-A-Ling)]
Rubra Grandiflora (F. fulgens x)
San Francisco (Robert Blatry x Mrs Victor Reiter)
Scarlet Ribbons (F. boliviana x Mary)
Space Shuttle (Speciosa x F. splendens)- I
Tangerine (F. splendens var. cordifolia x)- I
Tarra Valley (F. x colensoi x F. splendens)
Wave of Life
Fuchsias with waxy or hairy leaves are more likely to show less fuchsia mite damage.
Note that some plants have a parent that is resistant and one that is not. To determine which characteristic the offspring received, it has to be tested in a mite infested garden and even better, directly inoculated with mites.
If you notice errors here, please do contact us:
The Northwest Fuchsia Society was established in 1983.
Northwest Fuchsia Society
12735- 1st Ave. NW
Seattle, WA 98177-4221